Moving to a Care Community? Check the Fine Print
Group Of Senior Couples Enjoying Meal Together In an Assisted Living Facility

Moving to a Care Community? Check the Fine Print

Reading the fine print when purchasing a home in a retirement community or a care community is intimidating. The typeface is tiny, you’ve got boxes to pack and movers to schedule and, well, you know the rest. What most people do, is hope for the best and sign. However, that can lead to trouble, advises Delco Times in the article “Planning Ahead: Moving to a care community? Read the agreement.”

If you don’t want to read the fine print or can’t make head or tails of what you are reading, one option is to ask your estate planning attorney to do so. Without someone reading through and understanding the contract, you and your family may be in for some unpleasant surprises. Here are some things to consider.

What kind of a community are you moving into? If you are moving to a Continuing Care or Assisted Living Community, your documents will probably have provisions regarding health insurance, entry fees, deposits, a schedule of costs, if you need additional services, fees for moving to a higher level of care and provisions for refunds and estate planning.

When you enter an long-term care facility, nursing home, or Assisted Living facility, you may find yourself signing documents regarding everything from laundry policies, pharmacy choices, financial disclosures and statements of your rights as a resident. Not every document you sign will be critical, but you should understand everything you sign.

If moving into a nursing home that accepts Medicaid, you and your family need to know that nursing homes that accept Medicaid are not permitted to demand payment on admission from either an adult child or a power of attorney from their own funds. However, Pennsylvania does have support provisions regarding children, that are called “filial responsibility.” This should not be a problem, as long as you speak with an elder law attorney who can make sure you have completed the Medicaid application correctly and are in full compliance with all of the requirements.

If your adult children ask you to sign documents and “don’t worry” about what documents are, you may want to sit down with an experienced elder law attorney to review the documents. When someone is not trained to review these documents, they won’t know what red flags to look for.

If someone signs the document who is not the applicant/future resident, that person may become responsible for the costs, depending upon what role you have when you sign: are you a guarantor or indemnitor? That person typically agrees to pay after the applicant/resident’s funds are exhausted. The payments may have to come from their own funds. Sometimes the “responsible party” is simply the person who handles business matters on the applicant’s behalf. You’ll want to be sure that the person signing the papers understands what they are agreeing to.

Almost all agreements will say that the applicant, or the person receiving services, is responsible for payment from their own assets. However, if someone signing the documents is power of attorney, they need to be mindful of what they are signing up for.

If possible, the person who will receive services should be the one who signs any paperwork, but only after a thorough review from an experienced attorney.

Reference: Delco Times (Feb. 5, 20-19) “Planning Ahead: Moving to a care community? Read the agreement”

Is There an ADU in Your Future?

The idea of aging in place is something we’d all like to do. However, homes with many stairs or that are located in cold climates don’t always make this possible. One way that some families are addressing this wish to age in place: the Accessory Dwelling Unit, or ADU, according to Next Avenue in the article“Could an Accessory Dwelling Unit Help Your Aging Parent?” The flexibility—a home for mom for a few years, then used as an income-producing apartment—makes this an attractive option.

Sometimes referred to as a “granny pod,” the ADU is usually a small structure in a backyard, with little more than a bathroom, sleeping quarters and a kitchen. They are basically “tiny homes,” the very small living quarters that some people are opting for, in place of sprawling homes.

A survey by AARP found a third of adults 50 and older would be open to living in an ADU. Why not? It’s a great way to have some degree of privacy, while living near, but not with, children and grandchildren.

Communities are starting to update their zoning laws to permit the construction of ADUs, especially where housing costs are high. In Los Angeles, ADUs have been legal since 2017, when new laws about their use went into effect and the increase of ADU construction permits increased by 1,000%. Housing codes changes are being examined in many other cities, including Boston, Denver, Chicago, Denver, Seattle and Washington DC, say industry experts.

Some barriers still exist, and they may not go away quickly. One is that ADUs are not cheap, even thought they are small. Many cost $150,000 or more. Much of the cost is to hook the little house up to local utilities, as well as the cost of construction. Most lenders don’t offer ADU mortgages, so payment tends to be with cash or with a home equity line of credit. This restricts the number of people who can afford an ADU.

Local communities not behind the concept of an ADU, may be concerned about the little houses being less like a tiny home and more like a shack, having a negative impact on neighborhood looks and values. Zoning codes, even those that are changing, are strict about maintaining the structures.

If your family would benefit from an ADU, start by checking with your town’s planning or building department. If the community permits the use of ADUs, you’ll want to find local builders who have constructed ADUs before. Some builders may not be interested in what they perceive as a very small project.

As boomers grow and strive to maintain their independence, expect to see more communities embrace the use of ADUs.

Reference: Next Avenue (Jan. 2, 2019) “Could an Accessory Dwelling Unit Help Your Aging Parent?”